International transportation and customs clearance of goods

Comprehensive logistics services Hecny Group
Ivan Ivanov
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Air freight

Air freight is the best way to transport goods that require fast delivery and high inventory turnover.
Hecny Group offers:
  • Door-to-door delivery in over 185 countries;
  • Both direct (fast) and economy shipping services;
  • Efficient consolidation services for shipments from Europe, USA and China;
  • Air freight services between third countries;
  • Air freight export
  • Transit within the Russian Federation
  • Online tracking of shipments via the website
It will be useful to know
Useful facts about air freight transportations:
Weight to volume ratio: 1 m3 = 166.66 kg;
Carrier's responsibility: Not more than 19,00 SDR per#nbsp 1 kg gross.
Accompanying documents:
  • Air Waybill (AWB);
  • Cargo manifest;
  • Invoice or packing list issued by the shipper
Leave a request for air transportation services, and our manager will contact you during the working day

Sea Freight

Sea freight is the best way to transport large quantities of freight that does not require fast delivery.
Hecny Group offers:
  • A full range of shipping services worldwide;
  • Transportation services for cargoes insufficient to fill a container (LCL), as well as cargoes sufficient to fill a full container (FCL);
  • Online tracking of shipments via the website.
It will be useful to know
Useful facts about sea freight:
Weight to volume ratio: 1 m3 = 1000 kg;
Carrier's liability: No more than 2,00 SDR per 1 kg gross
Accompanying documents:
  • Bill of Lading (B/L);
  • Cargo manifest;
  • Invoice or packing list issued by the shipper.
Leave a request for air transportation services, and our manager will contact you during the working day

Rail Transportation

Historically, rail transportation has been an important part of the supply chain between countries. Today, the rail network provides excellent access to the Baltic States and other CIS countries.
Hecny Group offers:
  • Rail transportation services from all major ports (specify ports);
  • Transportation in 20′ DC and 40′ DC containers to other CIS countries and Central Asia;
  • On request door-to-door delivery.
It will be useful to know
Useful facts about rail transportation:
Only toxic substances and unpackaged goods cannot be transported in containers. Special conditions for containers are created on the platform so that they are securely fastened to the base. Containers also undergo requirements if the cargo is of a specific nature.
Accompanying documents:
  • Railroad bill of lading;
  • Cargo manifest;
  • Invoice (invoice for payment), which is required to be completed according to customs requirements of the Russian Federation.
Leave a request for air transportation services, and our manager will contact you during the working day

Road Freight

Road freight is an effective delivery method for goods transportation within Europe
Hecny Group offers:
  • Door-to-door delivery in Russia, CIS countries and all over Europe;
  • Transportation services for full (FTL) and partial (LTL) loading car.
It will be useful to know
Useful facts about road freight:
  • Weight to volume ratio: 1 m3 = 333.33 kg;
  • Carrier's responsibility: no more than 8.33 SDR per 1 kg gross;
  • Internal dimensions of a standard tent trailer: length - 13.60 m, width - 2.45 m, height - 2.70 m;
  • The trailer normally holds 33 euro pallets or 26 Finnish pallets (marked FIN).
Accompanying documents:
  • International Consignment Note (CMR);
  • Cargo manifest;
  • Invoice or packing list issued by the shipper.
Leave a request for air transportation services, and our manager will contact you during the working day

International Transportation

Hecny Group has been involved in the international transportation since 1994.
Hecny Group offers:
Working with us, you can get a complete service! You will not need to look for additional contractors or monitor international shipping.
It will be useful to know
Useful facts about international transport:
  • Weight to volume ratio: 1m3 = 333.33kg;
  • Carrier's responsibility: no more than 8.33 SDR per 1 kg gross;
  • Internal dimensions of a standard tent trailer: length - 13.60 m, width - 2.45 m, height - 2.70 m;
  • The trailer normally holds 33 eur-pallets or 26 Finnish pallets (marked FIN).
Accompanying documents:
  • International Consignment Note (CMR);
  • Cargo manifest;
  • Invoice or packing list issued by the shipper.
Leave a request for air transportation services, and our manager will contact you during the working day

Express delivery

Express delivery for urgent cases are very fast and reliable. It is the fastest delivery in the market.
Hecny Group offers express delivery services all over the world.
Regardless of whether you need to deliver parts requiring immediate installation, urgent documents, unique samples or items requiring special handling, we will deliver any shipment to its destination reliably and as quickly as possible.
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VMI services

We have been offering our customers Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) and Consignment Inventory services in our logistics center since 2010.
What is VMI?


Vendor Managed Inventory is a supply chain optimization service in which the supplier is responsible for maintaining the inventory level of the customer's goods. The supplier has access to the customer's inventory data, and the supplier is responsible for purchase requisitions.

What is a Consignment Inventory?
This is a system in which the supplier places a certain quantity of goods at the customer's location and retains ownership of the goods. Payment will not be made until the item is sold. VMI may or may not include Consignment Inventory.

What are the main advantages?
The advantage of VMI are numerous for both the supplier and the customer.

Here's a short list of them:

Mutual Benefits.
  • A true partnership emerges between the supplier and the customer. Because they work more closely with each other, which strengthens the bond.
  • Errors associated with data loss are reduced because the data is transferred electronically from computer to computer. The speed of data processing is also much faster.
  • This is a system in which the supplier places a certain quantity of goods at the customer's location and retains ownership of the goods. Payment will not be made until the item is sold. VMI may or may not include Consignment Inventory.

Benefits for the client:
  • The cost of planning and ordering is reduced because the responsibility is placed on the provider.
  • The overall level of service improves because the right products are always in the right place at the right time.
  • The seller is more focused on the highest quality of service.

Benefits to the supplier:
  • Reduces the number of errors in orders that led to returns.
  • The option to review inventory levels helps prioritize (restock or de-stock). Before VMI, the supplier didn't have an overview of the quantities and items that were ordered. With VMI, the supplier can see the potential need for an item before the item is ordered. Special arrangements (e.g., pricing) are easier to make.
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Distribution and Warehousing Services

Nowadays distribution of goods is an affordable service for any enterprise. One of its most important advantages is geographical distribution of goods by region. In addition, this process plays an important role not only in the expansion, but also in the establishment of the sales process at various points of sale.
Distribution Services:
Distribution is the delivery of goods from the warehouse to the customer.

Distribution services can include a single shipment delivery or a systematic solution for all shipments.

For both distribution and warehousing services, it is important that the location of all goods be known precisely at all times.

Warehousing services are loading and unloading, warehousing, storage, etc. of goods in a warehouse. The bonded warehouse is licensed by the Customs Administration Commission to store goods brought into the region pending payment of duties and taxes.

Hecny Group offers:
  • A modern logistics complex;
  • A license warehouse and an excise warehouse section;
  • Trained staff;
  • Ability to monitor the warehouse online;
  • 24/7 ability of monitoring temperature and humidity;
  • Various additional services (assembly, labeling, repackaging, etc.);
  • Surveillance cameras at all strategic locations.
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Insurance

Cargo insurance is a state-of-the-art method of protecting financial and other risks that your shipment will be insured at all stages of the operation
We guarantee:
  • During transit storage in warehouses;
  • During transportation;
  • During loading/unloading at warehouses.

We cooperate with a reliable insurance company "Spasskiye Vorota", which has an established system of settlement of insured events.

Cargo insurance service is voluntary, provided that the cargo value is less than 1 million rubles. The insurance rate is 0.1% of the declared cargo value.
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Customs clearance

Our company has been involved in international shipments for over fifty years. And over that time we have developed a clear mechanism for working with customs authorities around the world. Most of our offices are licensed customs brokers, members of specialized associations, for example, C-TPAT in the USA.
Russian office of Hecny Group has passed all stages of registration as a national customs representative and has received a certificate of inclusion in the customs representatives register (Certificate No. 0463/00 issued to Hecny Logistic on 16.05.2011).

We will take care of the full range of services in customs clearance, including:

  • declaration of goods and vehicles
  • providing documents and additional information to the customs authorities, as required for customs purposes
  • submission of declared goods to the customs authorities, including putting them in temporary storage and presenting them for inspection
  • payment of customs duties
  • obtaining from authorized agencies the necessary documents required for customs clearance
  • performance of other actions required for customs clearance and customs control
  • consulting on issues related to customs legislation and foreign economic activity.
  • ... etc.

We have fully equipped and staffed customs clearance departments in Moscow, Sheremetyevo, St. Petersburg and other branches.

The staff of these departments includes specialists in customs operations, whose high professional level is confirmed by qualification certificates of the Federal Customs Service of Russia.

Our customers can be sure: the employees of Hecny Group are constantly monitoring changes in customs legislation in different countries. This means that you will be safe from unexpected situations and all necessary documents will be executed in strict compliance with international and national legislation.

Hecny Group guarantees fast and accurate execution of documentation package and customs escort of the cargo on all stages of transportation. We will become your reliable guide in the maze of customs intricacies of different countries. As a wise, dedicated advisor to the emperor, we protect you from even the slightest bit of hassle and make sure your time is saved for other great things.

To find out the amount of customs duties and the cost of customs clearance for your shipment, contact our office.

In accordance with Article 348 of the Federal Law of 03.08.2018 N 289-FZ "On Customs Regulation in the Russian Federation and on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation" information on tariffs is published:

Hecny Logistics
Hecny Express
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3PL, 4PL, 5PL - All levels of logistics

Third-party logistics is the most common and well-known service. However, 3PL, 4PL and 5PL are becoming more prominent in supply chains. Here's everything you need to know to understand 1PL, 2PL, 3PL, 4PL, 5PL.
3PL can help companies at any stage of their supply chain, usually by offering an integrated logistics solution that covers a number of services, including but not limited to:

  • Warehousing
  • Freight forwarding
  • Customs procedures
  • Inventory Management
  • Trucking
  • Sea transportation
  • Air freight
  • Cross-docking
  • Export packing
  • Returns management

In essence, a 3PL acts as your company's logistics department, saving the time, nerves and costs associated with managing the entire process internally. Alternatively, a company may turn to a 3PL after a merger or acquisition when its supply chain becomes too complex to manage internally.

4PL (fourth-party logistics) is a more advanced form of supply chain management, focused on optimizing the entire logistics function rather than delivering individual parts.

Using 4PL can be an attractive option for companies whose supply chain is complex and geographically far. With a broader understanding of the supply chain and the technologies that can improve it, 4PL can have a good opportunity to improve supply chain efficiency.

5PL (fifth-party logistics) has emerged more recently than 3PL and 4PL, with the concept open to different interpretations. Typically, however, a 5PL provider will move beyond individual supply chains, instead focusing on broader supply networks.

A 5PL will plan, organize and implement a customer's logistics solutions, taking all elements of supply chain management out of their hands. Their focus on supply networks means they will control every supply chain in the organization.

As most 5PLs specialize in big data and use technology to improve efficiency, they tend to be more valuable to e-commerce businesses than companies with a conventional presence. Other technologies that 5PLs can use include robotics, blockchain, artificial intelligence (AI) and Bluetooth beacons.

The decision of whether to use 3PL, 4PL or 5PL will mostly depend on the needs of your business and whether you have the ability to manage your logistics internally.

At Hecny Group, we offer experience and a wide range of services to work as your integrated logistics partner on a 2PL, 3PL, 4PL or 5PL basis. Acting as an outsourced logistics department for many high-profile clients in various sectors, we pride ourselves on providing reliable, professional and cost-effective services.
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Transit within Russia, to the Baltics and other CIS countries

We offer not only one-time or long-term international transport services, but also transit within Russia, the Baltic States and CIS countries, including all transport and logistics services: warehousing, forwarding, consolidation services, transit declaration, customs clearance, insurance on favorable terms, preparation of transport documents, etc.
Hecny Group offers:

  • Effective cargo consolidation services;
  • Regular cargo communication with Russia, Baltic and CIS countries by air and road transport;
  • Professional handling of all customs and sanitary formalities.
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Multimodal transportations

Международные мультимодальные перевозки позволяют наиболее ощутимо добиться снижения стоимости перевозки, увеличить скорость транспортировки, а также доставить груз практически в любую точку мира, где есть хоть какая-то инфраструктура.
Multimodal cargo transportation is the delivery of one cargo in stages by several modes of transport. In this case, sea, river, rail, road or air methods of transportation can be used in any combination. Today, multimodal transportations are the most convenient and popular form of delivery of significant batches of goods to average and large distances. The main advantage of this method of delivery is the maximum use of advantages of various means of transportation, through their competent combination. Thus, the entire way in multimodal transportations is divided into certain sections.

International multimodal transportations allow most appreciably achieving reduction in the cost of transportation, increasing the speed of transportation, as well as delivering goods to almost any point in the world where there is at least some infrastructure.
It will be useful to know
Useful facts about multimodal transportation:
For convenience, the logistics operator may issue a multimodal bill of lading as proof of acceptance of cargo for transportation. However, it should be remembered that such a document is unlikely to be accepted in customs clearance, as well as in the resolution of any disputes.

As for transshipment of cargo, contractors can draw up various documents, depending on the operations performed with the cargo. Consideration of these documents is beyond the scope of this article.
Checklist for the freight forwarder:
  • I know the total cost of transporting a shipment at all stages.
  • I know the total cost of handling the cargo at the port of destination.
  • I know the total cost of crossing the customs border.
  • All the costs and timeframes are agreed upon with contractors.
  • All contractors are informed that they will work on my shipment at a certain time. They know what kind of cargo it will be, they are ready to work. All the required documents have been provided.
  • I am aware of the free storage time of the cargo during processing. In addition, I have a complete breakdown of the excess charges. Therefore, I can provide this information to interested parties.
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Container types
Incoterms
Pallet types

Sea container specifications

Dry cargo containers

Dry containers 20′ and 40′ are manufactured from either aluminium or steel. They are suitable for most types of cargo. Aluminium dry containers have a slightly larger payload than steel, and steel dry containers have a slightly larger internal cube.

Refrigerated containers

Refrigerated containers or reefer containers are used to transport goods requiring temperature-controlled conditions in transit, such as fruit, vegetables, dairy products and meat. It is fitted with a refrigeration unit which is connected to the carrying ship's electrical power supply.

Open top containers

Open top containers have an open top covered by a tarpaulin instead of a solid roof. This enables oversized cargo such as timber and scrap metal to be loaded from the top. Open top containers normally have end doors to give flexibility to loading and discharging operations.

Flat rack containers

Flat rack containers are especially suitable for heavy loads and cargo that needs loading from the top or sides, such as pipes and machinery. You will find collapsible containers and non-collapsible containers with or without walls.

Garment containers

Garments on hangers containers give customers the option of using a string or bar system, or a combination of both. The garments containers offer increased flexibility, greater internal load capacity and savings on transportation and handling costs.

High cube containers

High cube dry containers ensure that you gain an extra foot in height compared with dry containers. The high cube dry containers are ideal for light, voluminous or bulky cargo.

Container capacity

Dry cargo Containers
20 ft refcontainer
11 europallets
(800 x 1200 mm)
Dry cargo Containers
20 ft refcontainer
10 standard pallets
(1000 x 1200 mm)
Dry cargo Containers
40 ft refcontainer
24 europallets
(800 x 1200 mm)
Dry cargo Containers
40 ft refcontainer
21 europallets
(1000 x 1200 mm)
Refrigerated containers
20 ft refcontainer
10 europallets
(800 x 1200 mm)
Refrigerated containers
20 ft refcontainer
9 standard pallets
(1000 x 1200 mm)
Refrigerated containers
40 ft refcontainer
23 europallets
(800 x 1200 mm)
Refrigerated containers
40 ft refcontainer
23 europallets
(800 x 1200 mm)

Incoterms

EXW
Ex Works (named place of delivery)
The seller makes the goods available at its premises. The buyer is responsible for uploading. This term places the maximum obligation on the buyer and minimum obligations on the seller. The Ex Works term is often used when making an initial quotation for the sale of goods without any costs included. EXW means that a seller has the goods ready for collection at his premises (works, factory, warehouse, plant) on the date agreed upon. The buyer pays all transportation costs and also bears the risks for bringing the goods to their final destination. The seller does not load the goods on collecting vehicles and does not clear them for export. If the seller does load the goods, he does so at buyer's risk and cost. If parties wish the seller to be responsible for the loading of the goods on departure and to bear the risk and all costs of such loading, this must be made clear by adding explicit wording to this effect in the contract of sale.
FCA
Free Carrier (named place of delivery)
The seller hands over the goods, cleared for export, into the disposal of the first carrier (named by the buyer) at the named place. The seller pays for carriage to the named point of delivery, and risk passes when the goods are handed over to the first carrier.
CPT
Carriage Paid To (named place of destination)
The seller pays for carriage. Risk transfers to buyer upon handing goods over to the first carrier at place of Import.
CIP
Carriage and Insurance Paid to (named place of destination)
The containerized transport/multimodal equivalent of CIF. Seller pays for carriage and insurance to the named destination point, but risk passes when the goods are handed over to the first carrier.
DAT
Delivered at Terminal (named terminal at port or place of destination)
Seller pays for carriage to the terminal, except for costs related to import clearance, and assumes all risks up to the point that the goods are unloaded at the terminal.
DAP
Delivered at Place (named place of destination)
Seller pays for carriage to the named place, except for costs related to import clearance, and assumes all risks prior to the point that the goods are ready for unloading by the buyer.
DDP
Delivered Duty Paid (named place of destination)
Seller is responsible for delivering the goods to the named place in the country of the buyer, and pays all costs in bringing the goods to the destination including import duties and taxes. The buyer is responsible for unloading. This term places the maximum obligations on the seller and minimum obligations on the buyer.

Ocean and inland waterway transport

FAS
Free Alongside Ship (named port of shipment)
The seller must place the goods alongside the ship at the named port. The seller must clear the goods for export. This term is typically used for heavy-lift or bulk cargo.
FOB
Free on Board (named port of shipment)
The seller must load the goods on board the vessel nominated by the buyer. Cost and risk are divided when the goods are actually on board of the vessel. The seller must clear the goods for export.
CFR
Cost and Freight (named port of destination)
Seller must pay the costs and freight to bring the goods to the port of destination. However, risk is transferred to the buyer once the goods are loaded on the vessel. Insurance for the goods is NOT included. This term is formerly known as CNF (C&F). Maritime transport only.
CIF
Cost, Insurance and Freight (named port of destination)
Exactly the same as CFR except that the seller must in addition procure and pay for the insurance. Maritime transport only.

Pallet types

For dispatching to locations outside the European Union in most cases heat treated pallets are required (with "IPPC" marking).

References

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